In loco. Restored by Raffaele Stern in 1817 and by Giuseppe Valadier in 1821.
Martial, De Spectaculis 2.
Public Building / Triumphal Arch
The Triumphal Arch of Titus is located on the Velia, namely on the eastern edge of the Roman forum, which it enclosed when the building was erected. The monument, which follows the scheme of the traditional Roman triumphal arch, is characterised by the presence of two great piers joined by an archway, which is crowned with a flat entablature, the attic. Each façade is framed by an engaged and fluted Corinthian column, standing on a square pedestal. The capitals of these columns are the earliest examples of the composite style. The upper attic is framed by four piers on the corners. The surviving inscription, “The Senate and the People of Roman (dedicate this arch) to the divine Titus Vespasianus Augustus, son of the divine Vespasian,” is set on the western attic. The lower part of the attic is decorated with a frieze, which depicts the triumphal procession. On the inner jambs of the arch are the two famous reliefs. The southern panel depicts the spoils from the Jerusalem Temple. The northern panel depicts Titus riding on the quadriga, during his triumph, passing through a triumphal arch. Winged Victories are framed in the spandrels, whereas on the keystones stand representations of Roma, or Virtus, towards the Colosseum, and the Genius populi Romani, or possibly Bonus Eventus or Honos, towards the Forum. In the centre of the ceiling of the archway, which is finished in soffits (lacunaria), one sees a relief depicting the apotheosis of Titus, representing him (or rather his bust) as being carried up to heaven by an eagle (Kleiner, Roman Sculpture, p. 185-187).