01 Masada, King Herod's fortress and palace in the Judean desert (1st century BCE)

Masada, King Herod's fortress and palace in the Judean desert (1st century BCE)
Masada, King Herod's fortress and palace in the Judean desert (1st century BCE)

02 Temple of Gaius Caesar and Lucius Caesar (Maison Carrée), Nîmes (16 BCE)

Temple of Gaius Caesar and Lucius Caesar (Maison Carrée), Nîmes (16 BCE)
Temple of Gaius Caesar and Lucius Caesar (Maison Carrée), Nîmes (16 BCE)

03 Arch of Titus, Rome (82 CE)

Arch of Titus, Rome (82 CE)
Arch of Titus, Rome (82 CE)

04 The Portonaccio Sarcophagus (190-195 CE)

The Portonaccio Sarcophagus (190-195 CE)
The Portonaccio Sarcophagus (190-195 CE)

The ERC project "Judaism and Rome"

Welcome to the website for the ERC project "Re-thinking Judaism’s Encounter with the Roman Empire: Rome’s Political and Religious Challenge to Israel and its Impact on Judaism"!

On this website you will find useful resources for studying Roman imperial ideology, or Roman imperial discourses, artefacts and performances, displayed in literary records, epigraphy, numismatics, as well as through monuments, statues and other material artefacts. There is a particular focus on sources connected to the three sub-themes of the project, “Roman Power,” “Roman Law” and “Roman Citizenship”.
You will also find Jewish, Greek, Egyptian and Christian sources documenting the responses of some of the provincials of the Roman empire to the challenge of Roman domination. By "responses," however, we do not intend only the provincial sources that explicitly mention Rome and address issues such as Roman law courts or grants of Roman citizenship. We also take into account the way the Roman imperial context led provincials to formulate their own conceptions of power, law, and citizenship or membership with a given group.

The website Judaism and Rome aims to:

  • give access to some important sources, providing as much information as possible: images, original text, translation…
  • provide the reader with an original and detailed analysis of each source, a service that is very rarely offered on the internet, and which makes this website comparable to a rich sourcebook
  • promote interdisciplinary discussion between scholars working on Roman history, Jewish Studies, Epigraphy, Numismatics, Classics, Patristics, History of Christianity, etc.

There are multiple ways to perform a search and to find sources that are relevant to your specific interests. Please look at “How to search".

The site is under construction, and more sources are to be added regularly. We welcome any feedback you may have on a particular source (you can leave a comment on that source) as well as any suggestion concerning sources that need to be added.

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